The developments in the biotech industry are one of the most sophisticated and elegant achievements of modern science. Biotechnology is concerned with the use of living organisms or the biological systems found in them to make technological advancements and adopt those technologies to suit the needs of different fields ranging from agricultural practice to the medical sector. In fact, in the recent years, the biotech industry has won several laurels for their advancements and discoveries that have simplified tasks for several other sectors.
Types of biotechnology
This is one of the most common types of biotechnology. It involves the use of living cells and other cell materials for the purpose of improving the standards of healthcare. Essentially, it is used for discovering cures as well as eradicating and preventing diseases. This branch of the different types of biotechnology is concerned with producing pharmaceutical drugs or vaccines as well as other chemicals to combat diseases.
Agricultural biotechnology is a recent development among the different types of biotechnology. The applications of biotechnology in agriculture have yielded remarkable results. It primarily focuses on developing genetically modified plants for the purpose of increasing crop yields. They also help in introducing specific characteristics to the plants that provide them with an advantage when growing in regions that place some kind of stress factor on the plant, such as weather and pests.
In industrial biotechnology, biological resources are used to produce materials, energy, and chemicals that are required for the development of industrial goods. They also engage in producing bio-based products like paper, pulp, textiles, biofuels, and biogas. It plays a vital role in improving the performance of the industry and adds value to its products too. Notably, they are also known to provide several other benefits such as pollution prevention, resource conservation, and cost reduction. Industrial biotechnology is also used to manufacture items such as beer and wine, washing soaps and detergents, and several other personal care products.
Applications of biotechnology
The applications of biotechnology in various industries are reducing the excessive dependence on fossil fuels and are helping in the development of better and more environment-friendly products. Here are some of the key sectors that are greatly benefiting from the discoveries in the biotech industry:
One of the most iconic inventions in the biotech industry is the infusion of nutrients into food. It provides food with heavy nutrients that are necessary for such situations. It provides food with heavy nutrients that are necessary, especially in situations where people are ill or undernourished.
Healthcare is one of the sectors that has benefited the most from the developments in the biotech industry. Biotechnology is used in the healthcare industry for diagnosis and treatment of different diseases. They are also used in the development of vaccines that help prevent deadly diseases.
Food materials are characterized by their tendency to perish easily and have shorter shelf-lives. However, recent innovations in the biotech industry help in converting non-palatable and easily perishable products to edible and portable foods and beverages that have a longer shelf life. Biotechnology also helps in improving the edibility, texture, and storage of the food materials.
The biotech industry is increasingly engaged in the discovery of alternative sources of energy. The dwindling oil resources in the world and their related environmental impacts are some of the major factors fueling this research. One of the key examples of success in this area is the use of corn to produce combustible fuel for running car engines. These fuels do not produce the greenhouse gases and harm the environment.
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